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|In 1991, roofbolts were introduced as a primary support for inseam retreat longwall entries at CBDC's Phalen Colliery. Increasing mine depth (+550 m) necessitated replacing conventional inseam steel sets in these entries because they were being severely damaged during wall retreat and subsequently causing gate end problems. Roofbolts had been used in the Sydney coalfield between 1949 and 1963 in room and pillar working, however, some concerns arose with using roofbolts as a primary support in long (2.2 - 3.4 km) single entry roadways. In order to alleviate these concerns, a phased approach was adopted whereby conventional steel densities remained along with roofbolts. The roofbolt design was such that the roofbolts would be the primary support and the steel sets would experience little or no loading. A detailed geotechnical monitoring program was developed by both CBDC and the Cape Breton Coal Research Laboratories technical staffs. The results of this monitoring were used to build-up confidence in roofbolts and subsequently reduce the steel set densities until eventually only roofbolts were used as a primary support. This paper will discuss briefly the phased introduction of rootbolts at Phalen Colliery and more specifically the development of geotechnical data collection and interpretation.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Cable Bolting - Potential Applications For Variable Strata C||Evaluation Of Support Performance In A Highly Stressed Mine||Operational Experience With FLEXIBOLT Systems In Australian||Roofbolting In The Cape Breton Development Corporation'||Some Factors Influencing Stability Of Longwall Gateroad||Design Of Roadway Support Using A Strain Softening Model||Automation Of A Progressive Failure Procedure For Analysis O||The Massive Collapse Of Coal Pillars - Case Histories From T||Time Dependent Strength Of Coal Strata For Long-Term Pillar||Yield Pillar Behavior At Jim Walter No. 7 Mine Stress And St||A Comparison Of Overburden Response Due To Longwall Mining||Longwall Ground Behavior Characteristics In The Illinois Coa||Cavability Study Of A Competent Roof - A Case Study||Roof Pressure Monitoring Using The Integrated Longwalt Autom||Longwall Production, Maintenance, And Roof Control System||The Design And Selection Of Powered Supports For Application||Tailgate Support Practice In U.S. Longwall Mines - A Survey||Influence Of Support Capacity And Geometry On Tailgate Suppo||Innovative Concept In Tailgate Entry Support: Elimination Of||Resin-Grouted Cables For Longwall Tailgate Support Stability||Tailgate Roadway Convergence: A Key Indicator Of Potential G||Assessment Of Wood And Alternative Materials For Supplementa||Experience With The Boundary Element Method Of Numerical Mod||The Fault At The End Of The Tunnel||Microseismic Monitoring In The Sydney Coalfield||Realistic Design Of Ground Control Based On Geotechnical Dat||Underground High Resolution Seismic Method As A Low Cost Alt||Pillarless Longwall Mining For Multiple Seams||Stable Entry Design In A Multi-Seam Environment||Evaluating Roof Control In Underground Coal Mines With The C||Hazard Mapping Combining Geostatistical Modeling Of Coal Min||Stereological Sampling And Analysis For Characterizing Disco||Determining Horizontal Stress Direction Using The Stress Map||Stability And Stress Evaluation In Mines Using In-Seam Seism||Hydrogeologic Effects Of Subsidence At A Longwall Mine In Th||Monitoring Railroad Response To Mining Subsidence And Assess||Study On The High-Pressure Grouting Of The Overburden For Su|