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|The geomechanical environment in which highwall mining must operate represents a hybrid between surface and underground operations. Mine design must take into consideration the complexities associated with unsupported spans, pillars with extreme aspect ratios and the instability related to the interaction between coal extraction and the highwall stability. The rock mass adjacent to the highwall, and for a significant distance in, is affected by lateral stress relief and blast damage. This paper describes a rigorous site investigation program aimed at providing some of the input parameters for the design of highwall mining layouts at the Moura Mine and focuses upon defining the nature and extent of the relaxed zone behind the highwall. The combination of borehole imaging and C factor analysis allows delineation of blast damage and relaxation of the rock mass immediately adjacent to the highwall excavation, as well as the more subtle relaxation effects deeper into the rock mass. This has led to the formulation of a proposed geomechanical model for the relaxed zone for direct input into highwall instability analysis and mine design.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Bolting Practice In Longwall Gateroads At The Miike Colliery||Cable Supports For Improved Longwall Gateroad Stability||Comparisons Of Active Versus Passive Bolts In A Bedded Mine||Flexibolt Flexible Roof Bolts: A New Concept For Strata Cont||The Design And Application Of Hercules Cribs For Underground||Cyprus Shoshone Tailgate Roof Control: Case Study||Engineering Methods For The Design And Employment Of Wood Cr||The Use Of Foamed Cement Cribs At American Electric Power Fu||A Comparison Of Support Reactions To Retreat Longwall Front||Entry Design For Optimum Stability In A Multi-Seam Environme||Gate Entry Design For Longwalls Using The Coal Mine Roof Rat||A Test Of Predictive Numerical Models To Simulate Entry Desi||The Coal Mine Roof Rating (CMRR) A Practical Rock Mass Class||Comparative Analysis Of Longwall Gateroad Designs In Four De||Further Improvements In The Roof Beam Tilt Method Of Gateroa||Application Of A Static And Geophysical Monitoring System Fo||Flexible Support Design For Gateroads Of Retreating Longwall||Longwall Support Monitoring||Case Studies Using Mine-Wide Monitoring Systems For Geotechn||An Application Of Tree Classification Method In Analysis Of||Image Analysis Development And Application To Fracture Patte||Mathematical Modeling Of Strong Roof Beds In Longwall Mining||Load Deformation Behavior Of Simulated Longwall Gob Material||Monitoring Of The Interaction Effects Over A Longwall Panel||Design, Monitoring And Evaluation Of A Pre-Driven Longwall R||Ground Control And Safety Considerations During Longwall Rec||Utilization Of Polymer Grid Structures In Shield Recovery Op||The Impact Of Variability In Coal Strength On Mine Planning||Underground Application Of Optimization||Modern Geotechnical Exploration And Mine Design||A New Method For Longwall Pillar Design||A Rock Mass Strength Concept For Coal Seams||Techniques To Increase Yield Pillar Residual Strength||Application Of Seismic Tomography For Assessing Yield Pillar||Structure, Strength And Relaxation Of Interbuden For Input I||Rock Compaction Caused By Dewatering In Poorly- Consolidated||Correlation Between The Effect Of Confining Pressure On Comp||Characterization Of Structural Integrity And Stress State Vi||Rock Mechanics Property Data Bank For Coal Measure Strata||Failure Modes Of Mine Tunnels In Stratified Rock Structures||Determination Of Plate Size Effect On Ultimate Bearing Capac||Development And Evaluation Of A Floor-Bearing Capacity Test||Investigation Of Blast Damage And Underground Stability||Development Of A Slope Stability Program For Improved Quarry||Material Instability Hazards In Mine Processing Operations||Mine Design Considerations For Surface Subsidence Control||Surface Fracture Development From Mine Subsidence In Eastern||An Integrated Approach To Subsidence Modelling And Predictio||Effect Of High-Extraction Coal Mining On Surface And Ground||Economic Evaluation Of Subsidence Damage Mitigation Techniqu|