The Impact Of Variability In Coal Strength On Mine Planning And Design - A Case History

Newman, David A.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 7
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1993
Strength and physical property testing of coal is conducted regularly by the Arch Mineral Corporation as part of reserve exploration. Pillar design and mine layout are the primary applications for the coal strength data. Distinct differences in pillar behavior were observed during longwall mining at a mine in Southeastern Kentucky. Horizontal and vertical variation in both triaxial and uniaxial compressive strength was observed within the four (4) benches of the Harlan seam. Similarly, geographical variations in coal strength were noted across the Harlan seam reserve. During the past three decades substantial research efforts have been focused upon coal pillar behavior and the refinement of pillar design methodologies. Ironically, little attention was directed to integrating the variability of coal strength into pillar design. The authors examine, through the presentation of case history data, i) typical industrial practice with respect to establishing a database of coal strength for use in pillar design and stability analysis, ii) approaches in which the observed variation in strength in the Harlan seam is integrated into pillar design and stability analyses, and to iii) propose standards for coal cube testing
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