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|Cyprus Shoshone is an underground coal mine in southern Wyoming owned by Cyprus Coal Company, a subsidiary of Cyprus Minerals Company. To date, seven longwall panels have been extracted from the pitching seam under increasing depth of cover from 150 ft to 1200 ft. The purpose of this paper is to describe the geology, rock mechanics needs identification, design, testing and successful application of the current headgate/tailgate cribbing system. The immediate roof of the Shoshone is unique in that the first 50 ft of lithology is interbedded mudstones. The mudstone is slickensided, highly friable and has characteristics of unconsolidated fill relative to self-spanning and beaming abilities. Finite element modelling analysis of the overall geomechanical environment showed the mudstone to yield under applied longwall abutment stress. Roof bolt system design methodology also pinpointed the relative weakness of the mudstone roof. In-mine entry vertical convergence and weight response from the mudstone identified the need to design a crib which had superior weight capacity over a wide range of convergence. Design of a structure ensued to achieve the superior strength properties of wood parallel to the grain and the displacement properties of wood perpendicular to the grain. Testing of the prototype structure along with other alternative wooden cribs was done at the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation facility in the Denver Federal Center, Colorado. The test results verified the design. Crib placement pattern was chosen to maximize support with a confined core crib under the high convergence area. The design has been successfully installed in over 5,000 ft of headgate entry in the 11 left panel.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Bolting Practice In Longwall Gateroads At The Miike Colliery||Cable Supports For Improved Longwall Gateroad Stability||Comparisons Of Active Versus Passive Bolts In A Bedded Mine||Flexibolt Flexible Roof Bolts: A New Concept For Strata Cont||The Design And Application Of Hercules Cribs For Underground||Cyprus Shoshone Tailgate Roof Control: Case Study||Engineering Methods For The Design And Employment Of Wood Cr||The Use Of Foamed Cement Cribs At American Electric Power Fu||A Comparison Of Support Reactions To Retreat Longwall Front||Entry Design For Optimum Stability In A Multi-Seam Environme||Gate Entry Design For Longwalls Using The Coal Mine Roof Rat||A Test Of Predictive Numerical Models To Simulate Entry Desi||The Coal Mine Roof Rating (CMRR) A Practical Rock Mass Class||Comparative Analysis Of Longwall Gateroad Designs In Four De||Further Improvements In The Roof Beam Tilt Method Of Gateroa||Application Of A Static And Geophysical Monitoring System Fo||Flexible Support Design For Gateroads Of Retreating Longwall||Longwall Support Monitoring||Case Studies Using Mine-Wide Monitoring Systems For Geotechn||An Application Of Tree Classification Method In Analysis Of||Image Analysis Development And Application To Fracture Patte||Mathematical Modeling Of Strong Roof Beds In Longwall Mining||Load Deformation Behavior Of Simulated Longwall Gob Material||Monitoring Of The Interaction Effects Over A Longwall Panel||Design, Monitoring And Evaluation Of A Pre-Driven Longwall R||Ground Control And Safety Considerations During Longwall Rec||Utilization Of Polymer Grid Structures In Shield Recovery Op||The Impact Of Variability In Coal Strength On Mine Planning||Underground Application Of Optimization||Modern Geotechnical Exploration And Mine Design||A New Method For Longwall Pillar Design||A Rock Mass Strength Concept For Coal Seams||Techniques To Increase Yield Pillar Residual Strength||Application Of Seismic Tomography For Assessing Yield Pillar||Structure, Strength And Relaxation Of Interbuden For Input I||Rock Compaction Caused By Dewatering In Poorly- Consolidated||Correlation Between The Effect Of Confining Pressure On Comp||Characterization Of Structural Integrity And Stress State Vi||Rock Mechanics Property Data Bank For Coal Measure Strata||Failure Modes Of Mine Tunnels In Stratified Rock Structures||Determination Of Plate Size Effect On Ultimate Bearing Capac||Development And Evaluation Of A Floor-Bearing Capacity Test||Investigation Of Blast Damage And Underground Stability||Development Of A Slope Stability Program For Improved Quarry||Material Instability Hazards In Mine Processing Operations||Mine Design Considerations For Surface Subsidence Control||Surface Fracture Development From Mine Subsidence In Eastern||An Integrated Approach To Subsidence Modelling And Predictio||Effect Of High-Extraction Coal Mining On Surface And Ground||Economic Evaluation Of Subsidence Damage Mitigation Techniqu|