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|Surface subsidence induced by multiple-panel coal extraction was calculated with finite element stress analysis. The use of nonlinear material behavior and GAP elements, which provide a realistic representation of shearing along existing planes of weakness, allows the finite element program to accurately reproduce observed subsidence profiles. A reduction factor of 1/6 is applied to the measured rock strength and modulus for use in the finite element model. The models satisfactorily predict a significant change in maximum subsidence and subsidence profile associated with an increase from subcritical to near critical panel width. Modeled shearing along planes of weakness is in good agreement with available time domain reflectometry field observations and is demon¬strated to have a very profound effect on the maximum subsidence and the shape of the subsidence profile. When both material nonlinearity and planes of weakness are incorporated, the finite element model appears to possess great potential for accurately predicting surface subsidence and subsurface strata deformation in environments where little subsidence information is available.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Tenth International Conference on Ground Control in Mining Proceedings (ICGCM) 10th
|Practical Aspects Of Longwall Pillar Design||Assessment Of Underground Structural Design||Load And Convergence Measurements In Longwall Faces And Desi||A Model Of Shield-Strata Interaction And Its Implications Fo||Stability Of Interpanel-Pillar And Deformation Of Gateroad D||Use Of Polymer Grids For Longwall Shield Recovery||Methods Of Controlling Thick And Strong Roof In Longwall Min||Tensioned Point Anchor Resin System Versus Non-Tensioned Ful||Thrust Bolting: A New Innovation In Coal Mine Roof Support||An Alternative To A Manual Torque Check On Roof Bolts||Shear Bond Stresses Along Cable Bolts||An Underground Trial Of Cable Slings For Remedial Support Of||Mobile Roof Support For Retreat Mining||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Ground Control||An Examination Of Energy Calculations Applied To Coal Bump P||Delineation Of Abandoned Workings With An In-Seam Seismic Me||Remote Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings Using Radio Imag||Effects Of Surface Topography On The Stability Of Coal Mine||Site Characterization For Ultra-Close Multi-Seam Mining||Mining Under Rivers In Fuxin Coal Mines||Use Of Database In Ground Control To Identify Weightings And||Integrating Ground Control And Mine Site Data Through A Geog||Determination Of The Rock Strength From Portable Rock Tester||Mine-Wide Physical Property Trend Identification Using Porta||Subsidence Prediction In Illinois Coal Basin||Determination Of The Stopline Subsidence Profile Of Phalen 2||Evaluation Of Subsidence Parameters For Inclined Seams In UK||Measurement Of Structural Deformation And Tilt During Subsid||Drag Picks - Influence Of Tool Geometry And Angle Of Arrack||Roof Sounding Device - A Loose Rock Detector||Advanced Surveying Method For Measuring Roof Convergence||Geomechanical Substantiation Of Extraction Of Undermined Ore||Relationship Between Floor Rock Stress And Floor Failure||The Influence Of Geomining Parameters Over Stress Distributi||Finite Element Modeling Of Subsidence Induced By Underground||The Structural Response Of A Steel Lattice Transmission Towe|