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|In Fuxin Coal Mines, there are more than 20 million tons of coal buried under seasonal streams. The coal seams are mostly shallow. We have mined more then 50 mining blocks distributed in 5 coal mines. Their natural conditions are different, and the consequences are also more or less different. However, no stream-water-inrush accidents under regular mining conditions are the same. There were 3 exceptions. They were caused by unexpected roof caving which made valleys or alluvia subside as funnel-like cavities and let in inrush of stream flow. The key to our success in mining shallow under-stream coal seams, according to our analysis, is that valleys or alluvia subside gently and basically evenly with contractible tension fissures and that fissures both in valleys or alluvia and in rock seams are blocked up or sealed by cohesive deposits either from alluvia or rock. This paper treats: (1) some typical illustrations of mining shallow coal seams of different occurrences under streams of different sizes, flowing capacities and valley structures, (2) observations of the height of caved and fissured zones and subsidence of valleys or alluvia, (3) observations of underground water flow before, during, and after mining and the fluctuation with respect to stream flow, (4) observations and analyses of blocking up of fissures caused by mining, and (5) feasibility of mining shallow under-river coal seams.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Tenth International Conference on Ground Control in Mining Proceedings (ICGCM) 10th
|Practical Aspects Of Longwall Pillar Design||Assessment Of Underground Structural Design||Load And Convergence Measurements In Longwall Faces And Desi||A Model Of Shield-Strata Interaction And Its Implications Fo||Stability Of Interpanel-Pillar And Deformation Of Gateroad D||Use Of Polymer Grids For Longwall Shield Recovery||Methods Of Controlling Thick And Strong Roof In Longwall Min||Tensioned Point Anchor Resin System Versus Non-Tensioned Ful||Thrust Bolting: A New Innovation In Coal Mine Roof Support||An Alternative To A Manual Torque Check On Roof Bolts||Shear Bond Stresses Along Cable Bolts||An Underground Trial Of Cable Slings For Remedial Support Of||Mobile Roof Support For Retreat Mining||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Ground Control||An Examination Of Energy Calculations Applied To Coal Bump P||Delineation Of Abandoned Workings With An In-Seam Seismic Me||Remote Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings Using Radio Imag||Effects Of Surface Topography On The Stability Of Coal Mine||Site Characterization For Ultra-Close Multi-Seam Mining||Mining Under Rivers In Fuxin Coal Mines||Use Of Database In Ground Control To Identify Weightings And||Integrating Ground Control And Mine Site Data Through A Geog||Determination Of The Rock Strength From Portable Rock Tester||Mine-Wide Physical Property Trend Identification Using Porta||Subsidence Prediction In Illinois Coal Basin||Determination Of The Stopline Subsidence Profile Of Phalen 2||Evaluation Of Subsidence Parameters For Inclined Seams In UK||Measurement Of Structural Deformation And Tilt During Subsid||Drag Picks - Influence Of Tool Geometry And Angle Of Arrack||Roof Sounding Device - A Loose Rock Detector||Advanced Surveying Method For Measuring Roof Convergence||Geomechanical Substantiation Of Extraction Of Undermined Ore||Relationship Between Floor Rock Stress And Floor Failure||The Influence Of Geomining Parameters Over Stress Distributi||Finite Element Modeling Of Subsidence Induced By Underground||The Structural Response Of A Steel Lattice Transmission Towe|