Delineation Of Abandoned Workings With An In-Seam Seismic Method

Geldmacher, I.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 14
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1990
In-Seam Seismic (ISS) methods have been used extensively worldwide for the past 10 years to assist mine planning, espe¬cially longwall mining in coal seams. The technique is only starting to gain wide acceptance in North America where it is being applied in a much wider variety of applications than was initially considered. Surveys elsewhere have concentrated on the detection of faults (structures) in coal mines prior to longwall mining. The majority of surveys in North America has been the location of abandoned workings which were not adequately surveyed prior to closure. Modeling data based upon the lithological logs, geophysical logs and interpreted sections show whether the method will be successful prior to carrying out the survey. The surveys have been performed to locate abandoned wor¬kings from the surface and underground using both seismic reflection and transmission techniques. Data from coal seams in both Illinois and West Virginia will be presented. A second method where ISS surveys are being applied to detect old workings will be presented. The ISS tomography produces an image of the P-wave and Channel Wave velocities which is representative of the material through which the signal traveled thus identifying the location of the old workings. Data from Texas will serve as an example.
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