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|A new innovation in coal mine roof support has been developed by the Bureau of Mines at the Denver Research Center. The technique, called "Thrust Bolting,"1 converts a traditional passive roof support system, a full or partial column rebar bolt, into an active support system by following a specific installation process. The thrust bolting system provides two advantages from a ground control standpoint. First, because the system is active, no roof movement is necessary to put the bolt into tension. This eliminates the possibility of strata separations in sedimentary roots, minimizing progressive-type roof failures. Secondly, the tension placed on the system is independent of mechanical devices or torques. This eliminates the highly variable frictional losses that occur between the bearing plate and the bolt head and in the threaded portions of traditional active support systems. These two improvements create a safer working environment for mining personnel. An additional advantage of this improved support system is the reduced cost of installation and maintenance. The initial support cost is reduced by a minimum of 30 percent per bolt when compared to similar conventional support systems. The labor intensive and potentially hazardous torque¬tension test, required for most tensionable active support systems, is not required for thrust bolts. The potential for improved support performance and cost reduction of thrust bolting has generated a considerable amount of interest from both industry and MSHA. This paper will describe, in detail, the theory and application of thrust bolting and present the results of two underground coal mine case studies.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Tenth International Conference on Ground Control in Mining Proceedings (ICGCM) 10th
|Practical Aspects Of Longwall Pillar Design||Assessment Of Underground Structural Design||Load And Convergence Measurements In Longwall Faces And Desi||A Model Of Shield-Strata Interaction And Its Implications Fo||Stability Of Interpanel-Pillar And Deformation Of Gateroad D||Use Of Polymer Grids For Longwall Shield Recovery||Methods Of Controlling Thick And Strong Roof In Longwall Min||Tensioned Point Anchor Resin System Versus Non-Tensioned Ful||Thrust Bolting: A New Innovation In Coal Mine Roof Support||An Alternative To A Manual Torque Check On Roof Bolts||Shear Bond Stresses Along Cable Bolts||An Underground Trial Of Cable Slings For Remedial Support Of||Mobile Roof Support For Retreat Mining||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Ground Control||An Examination Of Energy Calculations Applied To Coal Bump P||Delineation Of Abandoned Workings With An In-Seam Seismic Me||Remote Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings Using Radio Imag||Effects Of Surface Topography On The Stability Of Coal Mine||Site Characterization For Ultra-Close Multi-Seam Mining||Mining Under Rivers In Fuxin Coal Mines||Use Of Database In Ground Control To Identify Weightings And||Integrating Ground Control And Mine Site Data Through A Geog||Determination Of The Rock Strength From Portable Rock Tester||Mine-Wide Physical Property Trend Identification Using Porta||Subsidence Prediction In Illinois Coal Basin||Determination Of The Stopline Subsidence Profile Of Phalen 2||Evaluation Of Subsidence Parameters For Inclined Seams In UK||Measurement Of Structural Deformation And Tilt During Subsid||Drag Picks - Influence Of Tool Geometry And Angle Of Arrack||Roof Sounding Device - A Loose Rock Detector||Advanced Surveying Method For Measuring Roof Convergence||Geomechanical Substantiation Of Extraction Of Undermined Ore||Relationship Between Floor Rock Stress And Floor Failure||The Influence Of Geomining Parameters Over Stress Distributi||Finite Element Modeling Of Subsidence Induced By Underground||The Structural Response Of A Steel Lattice Transmission Towe|