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|This paper evaluates factors which influence longwall support and strata interaction. The longwall system is composed of an immediate and main roof structure and three supporting foundations: 1) longwall panel, 2) powered roof supports, and 3) gob waste. The main roof forms a structure that is generally supported by all three foundations, while the immediate roof acts as a beam that cantilevers from the coal face to the powered support. In most cases, shield loading involves a complex interaction of both main roof and immediate roof behavior and is a combination of loads produced from subsidence of the main roof and displacements of the immediate roof caused by deformations of the cantilevered roof beam. Since the shield stiffness remains constant for all leg pressures and main roof convergence is irresistible in terms of shield capacity, the shield must be able to control the behavior of the immediate roof or floor structure for shield loading to be sensitive to setting pressures. If the goal is to minimize total shield loading, any active setting force must be offset by reduced passive shield loading to justify the active setting loads. Field data suggest that the typical reductions in passive loading do not justify the required increases in setting pressure in some applications.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Tenth International Conference on Ground Control in Mining Proceedings (ICGCM) 10th
|Practical Aspects Of Longwall Pillar Design||Assessment Of Underground Structural Design||Load And Convergence Measurements In Longwall Faces And Desi||A Model Of Shield-Strata Interaction And Its Implications Fo||Stability Of Interpanel-Pillar And Deformation Of Gateroad D||Use Of Polymer Grids For Longwall Shield Recovery||Methods Of Controlling Thick And Strong Roof In Longwall Min||Tensioned Point Anchor Resin System Versus Non-Tensioned Ful||Thrust Bolting: A New Innovation In Coal Mine Roof Support||An Alternative To A Manual Torque Check On Roof Bolts||Shear Bond Stresses Along Cable Bolts||An Underground Trial Of Cable Slings For Remedial Support Of||Mobile Roof Support For Retreat Mining||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Ground Control||An Examination Of Energy Calculations Applied To Coal Bump P||Delineation Of Abandoned Workings With An In-Seam Seismic Me||Remote Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings Using Radio Imag||Effects Of Surface Topography On The Stability Of Coal Mine||Site Characterization For Ultra-Close Multi-Seam Mining||Mining Under Rivers In Fuxin Coal Mines||Use Of Database In Ground Control To Identify Weightings And||Integrating Ground Control And Mine Site Data Through A Geog||Determination Of The Rock Strength From Portable Rock Tester||Mine-Wide Physical Property Trend Identification Using Porta||Subsidence Prediction In Illinois Coal Basin||Determination Of The Stopline Subsidence Profile Of Phalen 2||Evaluation Of Subsidence Parameters For Inclined Seams In UK||Measurement Of Structural Deformation And Tilt During Subsid||Drag Picks - Influence Of Tool Geometry And Angle Of Arrack||Roof Sounding Device - A Loose Rock Detector||Advanced Surveying Method For Measuring Roof Convergence||Geomechanical Substantiation Of Extraction Of Undermined Ore||Relationship Between Floor Rock Stress And Floor Failure||The Influence Of Geomining Parameters Over Stress Distributi||Finite Element Modeling Of Subsidence Induced By Underground||The Structural Response Of A Steel Lattice Transmission Towe|