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|The stability in longwall faces depends on the interaction beman the roof strata, face supports and floor strata. The load distribution on the other hand, depends upon relative stiffness of the three supporting elements namely, the coal face, support and gob. Therefore, in defining support requirements, it is particularly important to analyze the strata loading, the face convergence and the controlling mechanism provided by supports. The controlling mechanism however, depends on the type and characteristics of supports used in long- wall faces. The design guidelines presented in this paper have bean developed based on a number of strata control oriented projects carried out in Turkey, load and convergence measurements carried out in 10 longwall faces, in Zonguldak Coal Region, and procedures given in literature. Evaluation of load and convergence measurements, and analyses of face supports were carried out by means of a computer program, called L0NGWAI.L-MEW, developed by the authors. The output of the design analyses include the following: (1) estimation of support capacity for roof supports namely; individual hydraulic props, chock-type power supports and various types of shield supports, and (2) analysis of loading conditions and response of shield support components in terms of stability and structural integrity.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Tenth International Conference on Ground Control in Mining Proceedings (ICGCM) 10th
|Practical Aspects Of Longwall Pillar Design||Assessment Of Underground Structural Design||Load And Convergence Measurements In Longwall Faces And Desi||A Model Of Shield-Strata Interaction And Its Implications Fo||Stability Of Interpanel-Pillar And Deformation Of Gateroad D||Use Of Polymer Grids For Longwall Shield Recovery||Methods Of Controlling Thick And Strong Roof In Longwall Min||Tensioned Point Anchor Resin System Versus Non-Tensioned Ful||Thrust Bolting: A New Innovation In Coal Mine Roof Support||An Alternative To A Manual Torque Check On Roof Bolts||Shear Bond Stresses Along Cable Bolts||An Underground Trial Of Cable Slings For Remedial Support Of||Mobile Roof Support For Retreat Mining||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Ground Control||An Examination Of Energy Calculations Applied To Coal Bump P||Delineation Of Abandoned Workings With An In-Seam Seismic Me||Remote Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings Using Radio Imag||Effects Of Surface Topography On The Stability Of Coal Mine||Site Characterization For Ultra-Close Multi-Seam Mining||Mining Under Rivers In Fuxin Coal Mines||Use Of Database In Ground Control To Identify Weightings And||Integrating Ground Control And Mine Site Data Through A Geog||Determination Of The Rock Strength From Portable Rock Tester||Mine-Wide Physical Property Trend Identification Using Porta||Subsidence Prediction In Illinois Coal Basin||Determination Of The Stopline Subsidence Profile Of Phalen 2||Evaluation Of Subsidence Parameters For Inclined Seams In UK||Measurement Of Structural Deformation And Tilt During Subsid||Drag Picks - Influence Of Tool Geometry And Angle Of Arrack||Roof Sounding Device - A Loose Rock Detector||Advanced Surveying Method For Measuring Roof Convergence||Geomechanical Substantiation Of Extraction Of Undermined Ore||Relationship Between Floor Rock Stress And Floor Failure||The Influence Of Geomining Parameters Over Stress Distributi||Finite Element Modeling Of Subsidence Induced By Underground||The Structural Response Of A Steel Lattice Transmission Towe|