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|Geologic structures have been responsible for numerous underground accidents and fatalities, and are a constant-source of down time. During - longwall mining, ground control problems associated with geologic anomalies are aggravated by the abutment pressures which develop as the panel is retreated. Therefore, it is imperative that these structures be recognized and properly supported in head- and tailgates. Fractures, faults, clay veins, igneous dikes, and ancient stream channels (paleochannels) disrupt the lateral continuity of the mine roof and can cause falls in gateroads. Horsebacks and kettle bottoms are also hazardous because abutment pressures tend to "pop out' these structures into the gateroads. This Bureau of Mines investigation describes the physical characteristics associated with hazardous geologic structures, identifies the coal fields where-they have been observed, and, where possible, suggests support strategies and other mine plan modifications to help minimize their effect.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Ninth Conference on Ground Control Mining Proceedings (ICGCM) 9th
|Multiple-Seam Mining - A State-Of-The-Art Review||Design Aspects In Multiple-Seam Mining: Case Studies||Jenmmar Compression Roof Control System||Specialty Truss System And Their Performance||A Case Study Of Grouted Roof Bolt Loading In A Two-Entry Gat||Analysis And Field Testing Of Presupport Application In Coal||Development Of Roof Stitching As A Method Of Support In Indi||Control Of Roadway Closure In Underground Coal Mines By Side||An Application Of Fem Back Analysis Method To Mine Roadway||Controlled Blasting During Drifting In Hard Rock Mine||Field Test Results On Dyna-Rok And Dyna-Rok Plus Anchors||Mine Pillar Stability Analysis Using Fem Methods - Two Case||An Analytical Approach For The Estimation Of Pillar Strength||International Conference On Ground Control In Mining Design||A New Rock Mass Failure Criteria Based On Rate Of Movement||Practical Consideration In Longwall Support Selection||Mine-Wide Monitoring Applications In Ground Control Research||Longwall Stability Analysis Of A Deep, Bump-Prone Western Co||Stability And Control Of Immediate Roof Of Fully Mechanized||An Analysis Of Longwall Shield Cycle Effectiveness By Polyco||The Impact Of Three Longwall Coal Mines On Streamflow In The||Progressive Failure Of The V-Day Mine And A Comparison With||Controlling Subsidence Effects Using Partial Backfilling||Potential Of A Void Diffusion Model To Predict Longwall Subs||The Use Of Rim- To Detect Geologic Anomalies In The Clarion||The Effect Of Hazardous Geologic Structures On Gateroad Stab||Improved Source Location And Evaluation Of Seismic Events Ov||Application Of Short-Term Time-Dependent Plate Loading Tests||Determination Of Classification Parameters For Clay - Bearin||Intrinsic Response Of Borehole Pressure Cells Laboratory Cal||Application Of Sliding Roof Bar Powered Support For Thick-Se||Drainage Of Water From Abandoned Mines By Horizontal Drillin||A Statistical Analysis Of Falls Of Ground In South African C||Three-Dimensional Analysis Of Mine Dump Point Stability||Birth Of A Longwall-Initial Planning To Post-Subsidence Miti||Progressive Hangingwall Caving And Subsidence Prediction At|