Stability And Control Of Immediate Roof Of Fully Mechanized Coal Face

Liu, S. Y.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1990
Based on the underground measurements, physical model test of simulated materials in the laboratory and finite element analysis, this paper demonstrates the pattern and process of roof fall over the tip-to-face area in the fully mechanized coalfaces. The main factors that affect the stability of the immediate roof are thoroughly studied including the fracture position and tilt angle of the main roof, the tensile strength (Rt) and cohesive force (c) of the immediate roof, and type and resistance of the powered support. Based on these factors, this paper proposes the basic process of immediate roof breakage a. follows: As the longwall farm advances, the main roof breaks and then rotates. A tensile fracture zone will be formed in the immediate roof under the fracture line of the main roof. A caving zone (plastic zone) will be formed in unsupported area between coalface and canopy tip. If these two zones overlap the immediate roof will be completely unstable. Under this condition, powered support will have difficulties lo control the rod. Therefore it is necessary to study the process of immediate roof breakage and look for effective methods for controlling the roof.
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