Longwall Stability Analysis Of A Deep, Bump-Prone Western Coal Mine-Case Study

Barron, Lance R.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 8
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1990
The U.S. Bureau of Mines, in cooperation with a central Utah coal .mine operator, began a study in July 1988 into longwall gateroad designs applicable to deep, bump- prone mine conditions. Prior to the study, four adjacent longwall panels, incorporating a variety of panel entry configurations using "yielding' chain pi liars, experienced severe bumps and coal outbursts at the face and in the tailgate pillars during panel extraction, resulting in several lost-time accidents and a fatality. To quantify those factors primari1y responsible for bump occurrences during panel retreat, a field investigation was initiated to confirm the anticipated performance of a two-entry gateroad system employing a large, nonyielding chain pillar design. Hydraulic borehole pressure cells and roof-to-floor closure [convergence) measurement stations were installed to monitor gateroad abutment loading and entry closure during panel extraction. Study results indicate that very high confinement of the coal seam by strong roof and floor members existing across the entire property, in conjunction with overburden depths in excess of 1.600 feet, provides for bump-scale energy storage in not only gate pillars, but along the entire periphery of the active mining area. Insufficient gate pillar designs were also identified as possibly enhancing the occurrence of bumps in the tailgate and adjacent face areas.
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