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|Documented case histories of surface ground movements from mine subsidence were utilized to help determine when the initial collapse of the overburden occurred above longwall panels. By studying this relationship between initial movement at the surface and the amount of face advance, the least-complex conditions exist for empirically assessing the span capacity of the overburden. The objective of this work was to obtain a better understanding of the overburden response to longwall mining. This knowledge will give a better insight on the long-term effects that different overburden types have on the stability and the subsidence potential of room and pillar mines, as well as, the influence of the overburden on subsidence over longwall panels. Theory on the overburden span capacity was developed and correlated to field observations. Data were used on the overburden lithology, depth, width, and face advance of the panel, and the subsidence conditions that were noted on the surface. The subsidence measured on the surface was used to determine when complete failure in the overburden rock had occurred. According to spans predicted by theory and the subsidence measured in the field, the competent lower units failed at a face advance less than when significant subsidence was observed on the surface. In each case studied, there were competent lower beds; however, the full overburden weight was not sustained to the point of subsidence. The best correlation with the surface movement was found with the most shallow, competent bed. Elastic plate solutions with various support conditions were found to best monitor the surface subsidence of these upper roof units.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 7th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 7th
|Field Evaluation of Yield Pillar System at a Kentucky longwa||In-Situ Pillar Strength Determination for Two-Entry Longwall||Integrity Factor Approach to Assess the Stability of Room-an||Longwall Recovery Utilizing The Open Entry Method And Variou||Design Of Lower Seam Longwall Operations In Multiple Seam Mi||Method Of Selecting Suitable Types Of Powered Supports At Lo||An Overview Of The National Roof Evaluation Accident Prevent||Strata Control Advances At Jim Walter Resources, Mining Divi||Portal Stability In Rock||Bailey Mine Slurry Impoundment Longwall Subsidence Monitorin||Prediction Of Surface Subsidence And Strain In The Appalachi||Computerised Subsidence And Displacement Prediction Using In||Computer Modeling Of Yield Pillar Behavior Using Post-Failur||Practical Rock Mechanics For Safety And Productivity Improve||Geotechnical Mine Design Of The Foidel Creek Mine||A Hydrogeomechanical Study Of Overburden Aquifer Response To||Comparison Of Predictions And Measurements Of Subsidence Cau||RYBAD Empirical Field Model For Prediction Of Maximum Land S||Mining Under Strong Roof||Sub-Surface Ground Movements Associated With Longwall Mining||A Computer Simulation Of Breakage Of The Main Roof In Longwa||Evaluation Of Low-Coal ATRS Systems||Analysis Of Major Failure Through Integration Of Static And||Outbursts And Rockbursts In Coal Mines||Analysis Of The Initial Collapse Of The Overburden Over Long||The Influence Of Stream Valleys On Coal Mine Ground Control||Aerostatic Support System For Underground Coal Mines||A Simplified Two-Dimensional Analysis Of The Roof-Pillar-Flo||Comparative Studies In The Mechanics Of Grouted Roof Bolts||Seismic Studies Over Active Longwall Mines||Surface Ground Movements Over Longwall Mining In The Pittsbu||Effect Of Longwall Mining Subsidence On The Stability Of Sur||Study Of Quantitative Impacts To Ground Water Associated Wit||The Broken Rock Zone Around Tunnels And Its Support Theory||Subsidence In Indian Coalfields||Case Studies Of Depillaring Under Special Strata And Mining||The Control Of Surface Subsidence By Width/Depth Ratio And C||Design Of The Ventilation Shaft In The South Link Railway Tu|