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|Rock burst and coal mine bump research using static and dynamic rock mechanics instrumentation has been conducted for several decades. Research efforts typically have been conducted using static instrumentation such as pressure cells, convergence measurements, multipoint borehole extensometers, and shield loading pressure measurements; dynamic rock mechanics instrumentation, for example, microseismic monitoring, has been used to help provide precursors to those violent failures. Unfortunately, these different styles of study have never been used in tandem. We report in this study the unique opportunity to have both static and dynamic instrumentation available for monitoring a longwall panel in a deep western coal mine and show that the two methods used in tandem provide information to understand the causes of a major bump. Several static rock mechanics instrumentation sites were carefully chosen along the longwall panel in the coal seam, packwalls, roof, and floor to provide the stress history during mining, including the stress redistribution that occurred before and after the major failures. Monitoring of the shield pressure on selected shields of the longwall face revealed that the cyclical loading anticipated during normal caving processes was not occurring. In addition, by locating each microseismic event (rock noise), the areas that were not adjusting to the changing stress field were clearly delineated by a lack of microseismic activity. The area of the longwall panel that did not adjust to the changing conditions ultimately failed. The combination of static and dynamic rock mechanics instrumentation data analysis provided the necessary information to determine the interaction of the structural members and the cause of the major failures at this mine.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 7th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 7th
|Field Evaluation of Yield Pillar System at a Kentucky longwa||In-Situ Pillar Strength Determination for Two-Entry Longwall||Integrity Factor Approach to Assess the Stability of Room-an||Longwall Recovery Utilizing The Open Entry Method And Variou||Design Of Lower Seam Longwall Operations In Multiple Seam Mi||Method Of Selecting Suitable Types Of Powered Supports At Lo||An Overview Of The National Roof Evaluation Accident Prevent||Strata Control Advances At Jim Walter Resources, Mining Divi||Portal Stability In Rock||Bailey Mine Slurry Impoundment Longwall Subsidence Monitorin||Prediction Of Surface Subsidence And Strain In The Appalachi||Computerised Subsidence And Displacement Prediction Using In||Computer Modeling Of Yield Pillar Behavior Using Post-Failur||Practical Rock Mechanics For Safety And Productivity Improve||Geotechnical Mine Design Of The Foidel Creek Mine||A Hydrogeomechanical Study Of Overburden Aquifer Response To||Comparison Of Predictions And Measurements Of Subsidence Cau||RYBAD Empirical Field Model For Prediction Of Maximum Land S||Mining Under Strong Roof||Sub-Surface Ground Movements Associated With Longwall Mining||A Computer Simulation Of Breakage Of The Main Roof In Longwa||Evaluation Of Low-Coal ATRS Systems||Analysis Of Major Failure Through Integration Of Static And||Outbursts And Rockbursts In Coal Mines||Analysis Of The Initial Collapse Of The Overburden Over Long||The Influence Of Stream Valleys On Coal Mine Ground Control||Aerostatic Support System For Underground Coal Mines||A Simplified Two-Dimensional Analysis Of The Roof-Pillar-Flo||Comparative Studies In The Mechanics Of Grouted Roof Bolts||Seismic Studies Over Active Longwall Mines||Surface Ground Movements Over Longwall Mining In The Pittsbu||Effect Of Longwall Mining Subsidence On The Stability Of Sur||Study Of Quantitative Impacts To Ground Water Associated Wit||The Broken Rock Zone Around Tunnels And Its Support Theory||Subsidence In Indian Coalfields||Case Studies Of Depillaring Under Special Strata And Mining||The Control Of Surface Subsidence By Width/Depth Ratio And C||Design Of The Ventilation Shaft In The South Link Railway Tu|