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|Strong roof helps minimize roof fall problems in coal mine entries. However, the Inability of strong roof to cave readily may contribute to major ground control problems In Iongwall and retreat mining operations. The concern expressed by mine operators prompted this Bureau of Mines study to analyze the effects of strong roof members on ground stability around Iongwall openings. The problem was approached from three directions: development of a theory to analyze the strain energy conditions In the coal and surrounding strata, modeling the effects of different thicknesses and strengths of Coal and roof strata, and field Instrumentation of powered supports In two Iongwall mines. Results from the theoretical and modeling analysis confirm the accepted belief that a strong roof does, In fact, play a major role in high stress concentration problems In and around the Iongwall panel. Analysis of the effect of different roof overhang dimensions and properties on relative strain energy buildup In the coal and roof Is presented. Shield pressure data Indicate possible methods for detecting noncaving roof behind the shields. Strategies to monitor roof overhang and control dangerous conditions caused by the noncaving roof are also presented.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 7th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 7th
|Field Evaluation of Yield Pillar System at a Kentucky longwa||In-Situ Pillar Strength Determination for Two-Entry Longwall||Integrity Factor Approach to Assess the Stability of Room-an||Longwall Recovery Utilizing The Open Entry Method And Variou||Design Of Lower Seam Longwall Operations In Multiple Seam Mi||Method Of Selecting Suitable Types Of Powered Supports At Lo||An Overview Of The National Roof Evaluation Accident Prevent||Strata Control Advances At Jim Walter Resources, Mining Divi||Portal Stability In Rock||Bailey Mine Slurry Impoundment Longwall Subsidence Monitorin||Prediction Of Surface Subsidence And Strain In The Appalachi||Computerised Subsidence And Displacement Prediction Using In||Computer Modeling Of Yield Pillar Behavior Using Post-Failur||Practical Rock Mechanics For Safety And Productivity Improve||Geotechnical Mine Design Of The Foidel Creek Mine||A Hydrogeomechanical Study Of Overburden Aquifer Response To||Comparison Of Predictions And Measurements Of Subsidence Cau||RYBAD Empirical Field Model For Prediction Of Maximum Land S||Mining Under Strong Roof||Sub-Surface Ground Movements Associated With Longwall Mining||A Computer Simulation Of Breakage Of The Main Roof In Longwa||Evaluation Of Low-Coal ATRS Systems||Analysis Of Major Failure Through Integration Of Static And||Outbursts And Rockbursts In Coal Mines||Analysis Of The Initial Collapse Of The Overburden Over Long||The Influence Of Stream Valleys On Coal Mine Ground Control||Aerostatic Support System For Underground Coal Mines||A Simplified Two-Dimensional Analysis Of The Roof-Pillar-Flo||Comparative Studies In The Mechanics Of Grouted Roof Bolts||Seismic Studies Over Active Longwall Mines||Surface Ground Movements Over Longwall Mining In The Pittsbu||Effect Of Longwall Mining Subsidence On The Stability Of Sur||Study Of Quantitative Impacts To Ground Water Associated Wit||The Broken Rock Zone Around Tunnels And Its Support Theory||Subsidence In Indian Coalfields||Case Studies Of Depillaring Under Special Strata And Mining||The Control Of Surface Subsidence By Width/Depth Ratio And C||Design Of The Ventilation Shaft In The South Link Railway Tu|