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|The intent of this paper is to make mine operators and engineers aware of parameters which affect the loading behavior of passive roof support systems. The strength of a passive roof support element alone is not a meaningful measure of support performance. Passive roof support elements and the surrounding strata act as a system, responding to changes in the physical mine environment due to the extraction of coal and associated redistribution of stresses. The load- ing of a passive roof support element is a function of the stiffness of the roof support structure; a stiffer structure will react a higher load to a converging mine roof than will a more flexible structure. If the stiffness if the support structure is not properly designed, excessive loading will result due to the displacement of the mine roof, causing premature failure of the support. Ideally, the yield strength of a passive support needs to be no greater than that required to support the dead weight of the immediate mine roof, providing the post yield characteristics of the support are compatible with the irresistible convergence of the overburden strata and the support system continues to provide this resistance after reaching its yield load. Idealized design considerations for passive roof support systems in terms load-displacement characteristics discussed. The stiffness and yield characteristics of wood concrete cribbing, as determined controlled tests in the Bureau's Roof Simulator, are compared preliminary recommendations passive roof support utilization also provided.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 6th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 6th
|Microseismic Monitoring of Mountain Bumps and Bounces: A Cas||Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Coal Pillar Bumps at||Longwall Pace Bursts and Inadequate Caving: A Came Study||Mine Layout Deign for Coal Bump Control||The Strong Outbursts of Coal and Gas in Coal Mines in China||Bock Bursts Occurrence. in the Coeur D'Alene Mining Dis||A History of Bock Burst Research in the Coeur D'Alene M||Chemical Destressing to Alleviate Rockbursts||Rockburst Control Measures at INCO's Creighton Mine||Prevention. Control and Management of Coal and Gas Outbursts||Application in Design for Close Proximity Multi-Seem Mining||Geologic Conditions Affecting Mineability in the Jane Mine.||Analysis of Cutter Roof Using the Boundary Element Method||A Novel Ground Control Program at Plateau Mining Company||Evaluation of Anchorage Integrity for Grouted Bolts in Weak||STRATA III ? A Full-Spectrum Roof Control Concept||Study of Ground Movement Over a Longwall Mine||Field Measurements of Overburden and Chain Pillar Response t||A Method for Sizing Longwall Pillars Based on Field Measurem||Aspects of Chain Pillar Design in Relation to Longwall Minin||The Initial Collapse of the Overburden Over Longwall Panels||Monitoring and Prediction of Ground Movements Above Undergro||Mechanisms of Chimney Subsidence Over Abandoned Coal Mines||Time-dependent Behavior of Immediate Weak Floor Strata from||The Significance of Specimen Stiffness and Post Yield Charac||Frictional Properties of Rock Applied to Mining Excavations||Ice Pillars, Packwalls, and Brattices||Investigation of Subsidence Over AML: A Case Study||Deign of Support System for Mining Tunnels in Carboniferous||Support of Tunnels in South African Gold Mines||The Stress Measurement and Underground Engineering||Field Measurements Of Overburden And Chain Pillar Response T|