Time-dependent Behavior of Immediate Weak Floor Strata from an Illinois Coal Mines

Chugh, Y. P.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 15
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1987
The paper discusses laboratory and field studies to analyze time-dependent deformation behavior of immediate weak floor strata in an Illinois coal mine. In the laboratory, core samples of the immediate floor strata were subjected to incremental creep tests under unconfined compressive stress. Both axial and lateral creep deformations were recorded. Time-dependent behavior was reasonably characterized by a Burger model with one Kelvin-Voigt unit. The elastic and viscous parameter8 of the model were found to be stress-dependent, but in the range of 40% to 80% of the failure stress, the effect of stress was relatively small. Therefore, a linear visco-elastic model was developed to represent the laboratory time-dependent behavior of immediate floor strata. Such a model may be acceptable for the design of partial extraction mining systems having extraction ratios of 40% to 60%. Field observations of roof-floor convergence (floor heave) at the mine also indicated a time-dependent behavior similar to that observed in the laboratory. Field time-dependent behavior was also characterized in terms of a Burger model with one Kelvin-Voigt unit to obtain scaling factors between the field and laboratory parameters. This approach should help in predicting likely floor heave in the mine based on laboratory creep tests. It was concluded that additional studies in the field are required to arrive at more reliable correlations between the two sets of parameters.
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