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|This paper describes recent innovative analyses conducted by the Bureau of Mines to demonstrate the application of the boundary-element method in evaluating the effectiveness of caving chambers or sacrificial entries to relieve the stress conditions initiating cutter roof failure in underground coal mines. The analysis assumes that cutter roof failure results when the shear strength of the roof rock at an entry corner is exceeded by the applied shear stress. The applied shear stress is due to large differences between the horizontal and vertical in situ stresses known to exist in many coal mining districts experiencing cutter roof failure. The results of boundary-element analysis suggest that driving an arched lead entry in advance of adjacent rectangular entries and allowing it to cave significantly reduces the difference between the principal stresses at the corner of the rectangular entry, thereby lowering the maximum shear stress. Slippage of the immediate roof along horizontal bedding planes into the caved entry is shown to further reduce the stress conditions in adjacent entries. Practical applications of this stress control technique to longwall and room-and-pillar mining are discussed.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 6th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 6th
|Microseismic Monitoring of Mountain Bumps and Bounces: A Cas||Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Coal Pillar Bumps at||Longwall Pace Bursts and Inadequate Caving: A Came Study||Mine Layout Deign for Coal Bump Control||The Strong Outbursts of Coal and Gas in Coal Mines in China||Bock Bursts Occurrence. in the Coeur D'Alene Mining Dis||A History of Bock Burst Research in the Coeur D'Alene M||Chemical Destressing to Alleviate Rockbursts||Rockburst Control Measures at INCO's Creighton Mine||Prevention. Control and Management of Coal and Gas Outbursts||Application in Design for Close Proximity Multi-Seem Mining||Geologic Conditions Affecting Mineability in the Jane Mine.||Analysis of Cutter Roof Using the Boundary Element Method||A Novel Ground Control Program at Plateau Mining Company||Evaluation of Anchorage Integrity for Grouted Bolts in Weak||STRATA III ? A Full-Spectrum Roof Control Concept||Study of Ground Movement Over a Longwall Mine||Field Measurements of Overburden and Chain Pillar Response t||A Method for Sizing Longwall Pillars Based on Field Measurem||Aspects of Chain Pillar Design in Relation to Longwall Minin||The Initial Collapse of the Overburden Over Longwall Panels||Monitoring and Prediction of Ground Movements Above Undergro||Mechanisms of Chimney Subsidence Over Abandoned Coal Mines||Time-dependent Behavior of Immediate Weak Floor Strata from||The Significance of Specimen Stiffness and Post Yield Charac||Frictional Properties of Rock Applied to Mining Excavations||Ice Pillars, Packwalls, and Brattices||Investigation of Subsidence Over AML: A Case Study||Deign of Support System for Mining Tunnels in Carboniferous||Support of Tunnels in South African Gold Mines||The Stress Measurement and Underground Engineering||Field Measurements Of Overburden And Chain Pillar Response T|