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|Deep coal mines with strong roof and floor strata frequently encounter face and rib bursts. The burst problem becomes more severe with increased depth. While the exact causes of bursts are often difficult to determine, localized high stress zones are common to their occurrence. This Bureau of Mines report describes a study at a mine using longwall systems that experienced both face and floor bursts. The study correlates shield loading, entry closure, and forward abutment pressure increases to observed burst occurrences. The results indicate that strong roof strata that overhang behind the longwall supports create additional abutment stress. When caving lags behind the face and the abutment zone does not advance ahead of the face during mining, stresses on the face may increase to a critical level, resulting in a burst. The critical level occurs when the stress in the abutment zone exceeds the ability of the coal and/or adjacent strata to store strain energy. Caving characteristics may be improved by inducing fractures in the roof or by providing sufficient support resistance to shear the roof. Data analysis of a major burst indicated a dramatic increase in floor heave, with a maximum occurring 80 to 100 ft inby the face, and a lag in the cave line behind the face supports. Analysis of the effects of caving characteristics and floor heave on burst occurrences is presented.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 6th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 6th
|Microseismic Monitoring of Mountain Bumps and Bounces: A Cas||Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Coal Pillar Bumps at||Longwall Pace Bursts and Inadequate Caving: A Came Study||Mine Layout Deign for Coal Bump Control||The Strong Outbursts of Coal and Gas in Coal Mines in China||Bock Bursts Occurrence. in the Coeur D'Alene Mining Dis||A History of Bock Burst Research in the Coeur D'Alene M||Chemical Destressing to Alleviate Rockbursts||Rockburst Control Measures at INCO's Creighton Mine||Prevention. Control and Management of Coal and Gas Outbursts||Application in Design for Close Proximity Multi-Seem Mining||Geologic Conditions Affecting Mineability in the Jane Mine.||Analysis of Cutter Roof Using the Boundary Element Method||A Novel Ground Control Program at Plateau Mining Company||Evaluation of Anchorage Integrity for Grouted Bolts in Weak||STRATA III ? A Full-Spectrum Roof Control Concept||Study of Ground Movement Over a Longwall Mine||Field Measurements of Overburden and Chain Pillar Response t||A Method for Sizing Longwall Pillars Based on Field Measurem||Aspects of Chain Pillar Design in Relation to Longwall Minin||The Initial Collapse of the Overburden Over Longwall Panels||Monitoring and Prediction of Ground Movements Above Undergro||Mechanisms of Chimney Subsidence Over Abandoned Coal Mines||Time-dependent Behavior of Immediate Weak Floor Strata from||The Significance of Specimen Stiffness and Post Yield Charac||Frictional Properties of Rock Applied to Mining Excavations||Ice Pillars, Packwalls, and Brattices||Investigation of Subsidence Over AML: A Case Study||Deign of Support System for Mining Tunnels in Carboniferous||Support of Tunnels in South African Gold Mines||The Stress Measurement and Underground Engineering||Field Measurements Of Overburden And Chain Pillar Response T|