Longwall Pace Bursts and Inadequate Caving: A Came Study

Haramy, K. Y.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 14
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1987
Deep coal mines with strong roof and floor strata frequently encounter face and rib bursts. The burst problem becomes more severe with increased depth. While the exact causes of bursts are often difficult to determine, localized high stress zones are common to their occurrence. This Bureau of Mines report describes a study at a mine using longwall systems that experienced both face and floor bursts. The study correlates shield loading, entry closure, and forward abutment pressure increases to observed burst occurrences. The results indicate that strong roof strata that overhang behind the longwall supports create additional abutment stress. When caving lags behind the face and the abutment zone does not advance ahead of the face during mining, stresses on the face may increase to a critical level, resulting in a burst. The critical level occurs when the stress in the abutment zone exceeds the ability of the coal and/or adjacent strata to store strain energy. Caving characteristics may be improved by inducing fractures in the roof or by providing sufficient support resistance to shear the roof. Data analysis of a major burst indicated a dramatic increase in floor heave, with a maximum occurring 80 to 100 ft inby the face, and a lag in the cave line behind the face supports. Analysis of the effects of caving characteristics and floor heave on burst occurrences is presented.
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