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|Appropriate roof control is the most important requirement in underground coal mining and, in the case of longwall panels or second mining in room and pillar extractions, this can be simply expressed in terms of good and predictable roof caveability. Studies of roof caveability have been undertaken in many coalfields around the world. Most of their conclusions. however, are directly related to the mining and geological conditions experienced in these areas and as a result, may not be applicable to the conditions encountered in the Appalachian coalfield. Furthermore, some of these studies appear to be theoretical and conceptual, ignoring many important parameters of the geological environment, whereas others rely heavily on geological information but lack a rigorous foundations upon which quantitative design guidelines can be built. The objective of this study is to analyze caving and mass deformation characteristics above longwall panels in Appalachia and includes: - Analysis of the effects of the geological and geomechanical characteristics of the strata on the caving height and the bulking of the caved-material. - Testing of the applicability of the various theoretical and empirical models of roof caving. Formulation of a numerical around- deformation model for ion-elastic material behavior.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceeding of the Fifth Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM)
|Expanded Cement: New Solutions for Age-Old Problems||Determination of Effective Column Lengths for Resin-Grouted||How to Design an Efficient Roof Bolting Plan Based on Simple||Donut Cribbing--A Hew Heavy-Duty Roof Support Concept||Development of A Yielding Steel Post||Design Procedure for Arch Canopies for Rehabilitation of Hig||Investigation of Some Alternatives to Timber Posts and Cribs||Design and Field Testing of a Mobile Roof Support for Retrea||Change in Primary Roof Support System at Quarto Mining Compa||Remote Mining Using Water for Ground Support||New Type of Load Cell for Monitoring of Roof Bolt Tension||Field Measurements of Chain Pillar Response to Longwall Abut||Integrated Instrumentation Method of Stress State, Material||A Study of Roof Caving in the Eastern U.S. Coalfields||A Simple Tool to Measure Stress in Mine Backfill||Optimization of the Stress Control Method to Improve Product||Effect of High Horizontal Stress on Coal Mine Entry Intersec||Analysis of Small-Scale Thrust Faults and Their Effect on Co||A Case History of Computer-Aided Lineament Analysis for Grou||Designing for Upper Seam Stability in Multiple Seam Mining||Behavioral Aspects of Roof/Rib Injuries--Implications for Tr||Engineering Classification of Shales||Empirical Approach to Calculate Rock Loads in Coal Mine Road||Assessment of the Rockburst Proneness in Hard Rock Coal Mine||Outburst Control in Underground Coal Mines,||The Effect of Immediate Strata on Pillar Behavior in Retreat||Roof Control Problems on Development and Longwall Gateroads||A Case Study of Longwall Roof-Supports Interaction||Tailgate Support Evaluation at Plateau Mining Company||Methods of Controlling Hard Roof in a Longwall Face|