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|The application of conventional rock mechanics methods to complex ground is very difficult. Yet. In most underground mining, the ground is complex. Therefore. conventional methods are not only difficult to apply but are also generally ineffective in improving underground operations. Similarly, conventional rock mechanics instrumentation has not significantly contributed to improvement of mining practice. Rock mechanics instrumentation in underground mining operations is often considered to be" merely an expensive nuisance. A new system of mine instrumentation is changing this traditional view. The new instrumentation method, called the SPDR method, was originally devised by Dr. Shosei Serata to meet the specific requirement of establishing the Stress Control Method of mining upon a solid quantitative foundation. This instrumentation method has contributed substantially to the widespread success of Stress Control mining under widely varying ground conditions in different types of underground mines (220.127.116.11). The instrumentation method provides an effective means for optimizing Stress Control mining patterns, simultaneously achieving reduction in production costs and substantial improvements in safety (5). The principles and methods of the new instrumentation method are described below, with field examples.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceeding of the Fifth Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM)
|Expanded Cement: New Solutions for Age-Old Problems||Determination of Effective Column Lengths for Resin-Grouted||How to Design an Efficient Roof Bolting Plan Based on Simple||Donut Cribbing--A Hew Heavy-Duty Roof Support Concept||Development of A Yielding Steel Post||Design Procedure for Arch Canopies for Rehabilitation of Hig||Investigation of Some Alternatives to Timber Posts and Cribs||Design and Field Testing of a Mobile Roof Support for Retrea||Change in Primary Roof Support System at Quarto Mining Compa||Remote Mining Using Water for Ground Support||New Type of Load Cell for Monitoring of Roof Bolt Tension||Field Measurements of Chain Pillar Response to Longwall Abut||Integrated Instrumentation Method of Stress State, Material||A Study of Roof Caving in the Eastern U.S. Coalfields||A Simple Tool to Measure Stress in Mine Backfill||Optimization of the Stress Control Method to Improve Product||Effect of High Horizontal Stress on Coal Mine Entry Intersec||Analysis of Small-Scale Thrust Faults and Their Effect on Co||A Case History of Computer-Aided Lineament Analysis for Grou||Designing for Upper Seam Stability in Multiple Seam Mining||Behavioral Aspects of Roof/Rib Injuries--Implications for Tr||Engineering Classification of Shales||Empirical Approach to Calculate Rock Loads in Coal Mine Road||Assessment of the Rockburst Proneness in Hard Rock Coal Mine||Outburst Control in Underground Coal Mines,||The Effect of Immediate Strata on Pillar Behavior in Retreat||Roof Control Problems on Development and Longwall Gateroads||A Case Study of Longwall Roof-Supports Interaction||Tailgate Support Evaluation at Plateau Mining Company||Methods of Controlling Hard Roof in a Longwall Face|