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|This paper presents an investigation of some alternatives, and improvements to timber posts and cribs. The purpose is to find a cheaper, better, easy to install, and effective means to replace or improve them. Selection of supports needs to take account of several factors. These factors include the mechanical behavior of the support, technical feasibility, and cost. In this paper a variety of supports are compared on these bases. Particular advantages and disadvantages of those supports have been determined through published material and a testing program. A broad evaluation of a number of specific groups of supports is presented. Included in this evaluation are timber posts and cribs, steel friction props and several, newer developments such as the Micon Yield Capsule and the Super Post. Another support that will be briefly discussed is steel-fiber-reinforced concrete. Particular emphasis will be placed on the Micon Yield Capsule and the Super Posts on which preliminary testing has been carried out. The testing results are presented in detail. The shortcomings of the test procedure are pointed out and some new ideas to improve the testing in the future are proposed.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceeding of the Fifth Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM)
|Expanded Cement: New Solutions for Age-Old Problems||Determination of Effective Column Lengths for Resin-Grouted||How to Design an Efficient Roof Bolting Plan Based on Simple||Donut Cribbing--A Hew Heavy-Duty Roof Support Concept||Development of A Yielding Steel Post||Design Procedure for Arch Canopies for Rehabilitation of Hig||Investigation of Some Alternatives to Timber Posts and Cribs||Design and Field Testing of a Mobile Roof Support for Retrea||Change in Primary Roof Support System at Quarto Mining Compa||Remote Mining Using Water for Ground Support||New Type of Load Cell for Monitoring of Roof Bolt Tension||Field Measurements of Chain Pillar Response to Longwall Abut||Integrated Instrumentation Method of Stress State, Material||A Study of Roof Caving in the Eastern U.S. Coalfields||A Simple Tool to Measure Stress in Mine Backfill||Optimization of the Stress Control Method to Improve Product||Effect of High Horizontal Stress on Coal Mine Entry Intersec||Analysis of Small-Scale Thrust Faults and Their Effect on Co||A Case History of Computer-Aided Lineament Analysis for Grou||Designing for Upper Seam Stability in Multiple Seam Mining||Behavioral Aspects of Roof/Rib Injuries--Implications for Tr||Engineering Classification of Shales||Empirical Approach to Calculate Rock Loads in Coal Mine Road||Assessment of the Rockburst Proneness in Hard Rock Coal Mine||Outburst Control in Underground Coal Mines,||The Effect of Immediate Strata on Pillar Behavior in Retreat||Roof Control Problems on Development and Longwall Gateroads||A Case Study of Longwall Roof-Supports Interaction||Tailgate Support Evaluation at Plateau Mining Company||Methods of Controlling Hard Roof in a Longwall Face|