Design Procedure for Arch Canopies for Rehabilitation of High-Roof-Fall Areas
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Jan 1, 1986
A procedure is presented for the design of an arch canopy for the application of rehabilitating a high-roof-fall area. This procedure is specifically developed for evaluating an unbackfllled arch canopy, which Is subjected to an impact load (roof fall). Dynamic line loading of the arch canopy at its crown is only considered and the procedure does not account for an unsymmetrical loading condition. The evaluation of whether an arch canopy is suitable for a particular installation is dependent upon many variables, including in-nine conditions and the engineering properties of the structure. However, a general evaluation can be based upon a comparison of the arch's maximum crown deflection and a prescribed allowable crown deflection. A single spring-mass system is used as an idealized model to represent the dynamic behavior of the arch canopy at its crown. An energy approach is taken to determine the maximum crown deflection of an arch rather than solving a differential equation of notion derived from dynamic equilibrium. The design procedure is based on the concept that when an arch canopy is subjected to impact loading at its crown and deflects from its unloaded state to maximum crown deflection, the structure absorbs strain energy, both elastic and plastic. As a result, this strain energy can be calculated from a static load-displacement diagram for the structure. The significance of this design procedure Is that It gives mine personnel an analytical tool to select an arch canopy to meet the dimensional and functional requirements of a mine entry and a prescribed allowable crown deflection.