Statistical Characterization Of Coal-Mine Roof Failure: Suggestions And Case Study

Smith, Alan D.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 12
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1984
[A standardized checklist in a questionnaire format, was established to investigate selected factors associated with coal nips roof falls, as derived from an intensive review of the literature. A plot study was undertaken to aspect and explore possible statistical relationships that may exist with these parameters. the Purposes of toe study were to: 1. Study in a systematic and empirical fashion selected parameters that may be capable of differentiating characteristics of roof falls; 2. Obtain some predictive indices cased on selected physical and management related variables so that predictions of future problems associated with mine roof falls can be completed, prior to its actual occurrence. Accomplishment of these goals should result in valuable guides to the mining engineer in scheduling exploration work and 4 determining economic feasibility of certain ground control and .lining pro and practices. The parameters associated with mine roof failure that where included in the questionnaire are: working section, county, spar., orientation degrees), pillar dimensions width, length), seam thickness, roof fall dimensions (length, width, surface area, volume), shape of fall (arch, dome, laminar), thickness of thinnest immediate layer, lithology of the first four i.e.-diate roof layers, thickness of h e first four immediate roof layers, type of initial support systems before failure, type of resupport system after failure, length and spacing of bolts in use before failure, length and spacing of bolts planned after allure, presence of .cater, time failure after It coal excavation, distance t3rest ace, physical operation during, time of coo failure, location of the roof fall entry failure occurred ence of sloughing of ribs before failure, and presence of floor heave condition before failure. The typical roof fall had an average roof spar of 20.3 feet, -06 feet depth o coal seam, occurred 136 feet from nearest face, coal seam thickness of inches, p--ar :width off 45 feet surface area D' roof fall 1151 ft2, mainly lamin- shaped, previously rat fore fall between good to very good, little floor heave presence, usually cracks before the fall about 40 percent of reported cases, shales in most of the immediate layers, and usually located in an entry or intersection. in addition, multiple linear regression techniques were employed in the testing process of 18 major research hypotheses in a search for relationships among the various parameters studied of which were found to be significant, once corrected for multiple comparisons.]
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