Load Transfer Mechanics In Fully-Grouted Roof Bolts

Serbousek, Maynard O.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1984
The mechanics of load transfer of fully-grouted roof bolts in coal mines has been investigated in laboratory and analytical studies. The purpose of this research is to increase the understanding and better interpret data from pull tests which are routinely performed in the field. Laboratory work includes variation of bolt length, hole diameter and grout type in pull tests. Four-foot bolts were tested in holes of 1- and 1-3/8-inch diameters. Both polyester resins and inorganic grouts were used as the anchorage medium. The bolts were strain gauged at six locations to observe the rate of load transfer from the bolt to the rock mass when a force was applied at the bolt end using standard Jack pull testing procedures and equipment. Analytical studies using closed form solutions and finite-element techniques were compared to experimental results. The models are for the elastic regime only but do include slip elements. A detailed analysis of the load transfer mechanisms from the bolts through the grout to the rock mass is presented.
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