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|BETTER ROOF SUPPORT During the last decade, resin-grouted roof bolts have taken a substantial foothold in the coal mining industry - now accounting for about one-third of all bolts installed annually, due to the improved roof support. However, the high cost, toxicity and flammability of the resin cartridges appear to be a limiting factor in even greater use of such bolts. Terra Tek, Inc. has, over the past few years, been developing a novel roof bolting system to mix/inject a very fast-setting and high strength inorganic cement into bolt holes and install point-anchored or full-column grouted rebars - all automatically and at substantial cost savings. This grouting system utilizes a unique method to mix the grout ?in-the-hole?. It has been integrated with a conventional bolter, retrofitted with an indexing-head mechanism and an on-board pneumatic computer to sequence and Control the drilling, grouting and bolting. Cycle times are the same or better than for a resin system. Following laboratory testing/development, the prototype system has undergone field trials in a Utah coal mine. A description of the bolting system, results of pull-tests in the laboratory and field, and economics and productivity gains with this system in comparison to a conventional resin-cartridge bolting method are presented. The relationship of this technique to improved roof control is also discussed.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceeding of the Fourth Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM)
|Truss Bolting On-Cycle in Jane Mine Lower Freeport Seam||Design Of A Roof Truss Bolting Plan For Bear Mine||Tension-Torque Relationship For Mechanical Anchored Roof Bol||A Novel System For Automatic Installation Of Cement Grouted||Load Transfer Mechanics In Fully-Grouted Roof Bolts||An Investigation Of Longwall Pillar Stress History||Impact Of Horizontal Load On Shield Supports||Interaction Between Roof And Support On Longwall Faces With||Roof Control With Polyurethane For Recovery Of Kitt Energy?s||First Caving And Its Effects--A Case Study||Staubbekampfung An Schildausbau In Bruchbaustreben (Combatin||Yield Pillar Applications--Impact On Strata Control And Coal||Constraint Is The Prime Variable In Pillar Strength||Massive Pillar Failure--Two Case Studies||Investigations Of Underground Coal Mine Bursts||Destressing Practice In Rockburst-Prone Ground||Statistical Characterization Of Coal-Mine Roof Failure: Sugg||Pillar Design - Continuous Miner Butt Section And Longwall D||Design Factors In Near-Seam Interaction||Remote Sensing For Roof Control And Mine Planning: An Overvi||Design, Construction And Performance Of A Single Pass Lining||Computer Modelling And In Situ Instrumentation Techniques: A||A Sonic Wave Attenuation Technique For Monitoring Of Stress||The Radio Imaging Method (RIM) -- A Means Of Detecting And I||Clay Veins: Their Physical Characteristics. Prediction, and||Evaluation of the Point Load Strength for Soft Rock Classifi||Ground Control Experiences in a High Horizontal Stress Field||Horizontal Stresses and Their Impact on Roof Stability at th||Ground Control Problem Associated with Longwall Mining of De||Geotechnical Aspects of Subsidence over Room and Pillar Mine||Proposed Criteria for Assessing Subsidence Damage to Surface||Surface Subsidence. in Longwall Mining--A Case Stud||An Integrated Approach to the Monitoring and Modeling of Gro|