Comprehensive Observation And Research On The Mechanism Of Water-irruptions From The Floor

Zigang, Zin
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 14
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1984
In China there are more than 30 coal fields menaced by karst-con¬fined water. In the north and east of China there are many collieries which mine coal seams of the Carboniferous and Permian Systems, which are above the Ordovician limestone (general thickness is 500-600 meters). Ordovician limestone is full of karst fissures, contains a lot of water under high pressure (15-65 kg/cm2) near the commercial coal seams (20-80 meters), the water easily infiltrates the thin lime¬stone at the point of the structure crevice, so water-irruptions from the floor are the main source of water-related disasters in these coal fields. According to the statistics there were more than 300 acci¬dents of all kinds of water-irruptions from the floor in these fields since the beginning of their development. It is of great significance in developing coal production in the eastern part of China to solve the problem of safe mining of the seams menaced by the karst-confined water of the Ordovician limestone. The research on this subject con¬sists of three parts: (1) investigating the geological structure and hydrogeological conditions of each mine of the mining area; (2) re¬searching the mechanism of water-irruptions from the floor and propos¬ing reliable methods to predict and monitor; (3) improving the mining system and proposing a mining plan with safety precautions against water-caused accidents. The chief task is to research the mechanisms involved and to discover the causes and conditions of the phenomenon. The authors have obtained some findings on this subject in the last five years, making use of the comprehensive observation and research
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