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|The reinforcement mechanism of suspension effect is analyzed based on beam-column theory. The equations of the maximum bending stress, deflection and transferred bolt load for the bolted roof strata are derived. In the analysis, the bolt load is assumed to be point load and the horizontal stress is uniformly applied to each stratum. The reinforcement mechanism of friction effect is also analyzed. The major function of roof bolting in this case is to create the friction¬al resistance by tensioning the roof bolts, thereby the individual thin strata are "welded" into one single thick stratum. Based on the results, equal spacing of roof bolts is used in the suspension effect while for friction effect, the bolts should be spaced based on equal shear force concept. The design nomographs for the proper bolting pattern and bolt ten¬sion of mechanical roof bolting systems are presented for practical applications.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Rock Mechanics in Productivity and Protection ? Proceedings Twenty five Symposium on Rock Mechanics
|Mining-Induced Stress Measurement With Hydraulic Borerole Pr||Instrumentation and Monitoring For Pillar Extraction in a De||Reinforcement of Large Pillars by Bolting||Pressure Measurements in the Gob||Determination Of Solution Cavern Spacing In Deep Salt Deposi||Leached Salt Cavern Design Using a Fracture Criterion for Ro||Numerical Modeling Of "Stiff" Backfill in the Coeur D'A||Stress Control Method Applied to Stabilization of Undergroun||Optimun Mining Plan for Multiple Seam Mining||An Investigation of the Causes of Cutter Roof Failure in a C||Methods of Designing Mechanical Roof Bolting in Horizontally||Rock Bursts In Human Collieries||Constraint - The Missing Variable in the Coal Burst Problem||Prediction of Inter-Strata Movements Above Longwall Faces||Controlled Load Development At Longwall Coalfaces||Technique To Measure Resultant Load Vector On Shield Support||An Improved Technique of In-Situ Measurement Of Fracture Zo||Comprehensive Observation And Research On The Mechanism Of W||Displacement Discontinuity Method For Three-Dimensional Stre||Recent Developments In Subsidence Prediction And Control For||A Method For Assessing The Potential Of Mine Subsidence At A||Ground Movements Associated With Pillar Extraction Coal Mini||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Mining||Proposed Criteria For Subsidence Damage To Buildings||Stability of Slopes in Discontinuously Jointed Rock||A Case History of the Effect of Mine Subsidence on a Concret||Microcomputer Simulation of Rock Blasting to Predict Fragmen||Probabilistic Analysis of Blasting Impact on Open Pit Stabil|