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|In 1975 Congress passed the Energy Conservation Act to establish a U. S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) with a capacity of 750 million barrels of crude oil. The most economic storage medium was determined to be salt caverns leached in salt domes in Louisiana and Texas. Salt caverns existed at several sites when the reserve was created. These were obtained by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) and used to initiate SPR oil storage. In order to meet the storage capacity approved by Congress, new caverns also had to be leached. To support the resulting design effort, finite element computer program have been used to determine the creep closure and structural stability of salt caverns. Using site specific material properties including creep models, elastic moduli and fracture data, the finite element analyses have replaced earlier empirical approaches to cavern design. This report presents results of such finite element analyses to determine the best cavern roof shape and the minium pillar to dimeter ratio. , P/D. These numerical predictions indicate that the current cavern design is safe.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Rock Mechanics in Productivity and Protection ? Proceedings Twenty five Symposium on Rock Mechanics
|Mining-Induced Stress Measurement With Hydraulic Borerole Pr||Instrumentation and Monitoring For Pillar Extraction in a De||Reinforcement of Large Pillars by Bolting||Pressure Measurements in the Gob||Determination Of Solution Cavern Spacing In Deep Salt Deposi||Leached Salt Cavern Design Using a Fracture Criterion for Ro||Numerical Modeling Of "Stiff" Backfill in the Coeur D'A||Stress Control Method Applied to Stabilization of Undergroun||Optimun Mining Plan for Multiple Seam Mining||An Investigation of the Causes of Cutter Roof Failure in a C||Methods of Designing Mechanical Roof Bolting in Horizontally||Rock Bursts In Human Collieries||Constraint - The Missing Variable in the Coal Burst Problem||Prediction of Inter-Strata Movements Above Longwall Faces||Controlled Load Development At Longwall Coalfaces||Technique To Measure Resultant Load Vector On Shield Support||An Improved Technique of In-Situ Measurement Of Fracture Zo||Comprehensive Observation And Research On The Mechanism Of W||Displacement Discontinuity Method For Three-Dimensional Stre||Recent Developments In Subsidence Prediction And Control For||A Method For Assessing The Potential Of Mine Subsidence At A||Ground Movements Associated With Pillar Extraction Coal Mini||Application Of Time Domain Reflectometry To Mining||Proposed Criteria For Subsidence Damage To Buildings||Stability of Slopes in Discontinuously Jointed Rock||A Case History of the Effect of Mine Subsidence on a Concret||Microcomputer Simulation of Rock Blasting to Predict Fragmen||Probabilistic Analysis of Blasting Impact on Open Pit Stabil|