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|In the mid 1970's, American Electric Power significantly expanded its internal coal production. This involved opening several large mines in seams that had never been mined on a large commercial scale before. One of the mines opened was the Martinka No. 1 Mine which is located approximately five miles southeast of Fairmont. The mine was originally designed for room and pillar mining with continuous miners but was later modified to permit the utilization of longwalls and continuous miners for entry development. The coal seam to be mined was the Lower Kittanning which averages fifty-six inches. In order to successfully mine this seam, it required that the mine design recognize the effect caused by the dip of the seam which averages four percent to the Northwest with a maximum of sixteen percent for short distances and a relatively low cover. In fact, seventy-four percent of the reserves have cover of less than four hundred feet. Also, the core hole data indicated that the immediate roof varied from zero to eighteen feet of shale with two to forty-five feet of sandstone overlying the shale.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings Second Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|A New Approach To The Design Of Multi-Entry Developments For||Manifestation Of Mine Pressure And Its Relations To Overlyin||Geotechnical Investigation For A Single Entry Design For Lon||Roof Falls And Caving In Longwall Mining Operations||Support Resistance And Roof Behaviour Of A Longwall Face Wit||State Of The Art Testing Of Powered Roof Supports||Some Structural Aspects Of Designing The Shield Supports||Design Considerations For Angle Bolters||Machine Design Parameters For High Seam Truss Bolting Applic||Design Trade-Off For Angle Roof Drilling||Hydraulic Tensioning Of A Birmingham Roof Truss||Current Trends In Roof Truss Hardware||The Search For A Method To Provide Warning Of Coal And Gas O||Methods Used To Monitor Roof Geology And Entry Supports||A Method For Estimating Western Coal Strengths From Point Lo||Coping With High Lateral Stresses In An Underground Illinois||Alternatives For Controlling Cutter Roof In Coal Mines||Remote Sensing Techniques In Mine Planning - Applications An||The Use Of A Graphic Mini-Computer System As A Rock Mechanic||Greater Safety With Increased Productivity Coal Mining Opera||Critical Roof Span Approach To Selection Of Proper Coal Mine||Roof Bolt Bond Tester; A Device For Nondestructive Testing O||Remote Control Roof Bolting||Development Cooperation Between Operator And Manufacturer -||Research, Development, And Use Of Steel-Fiber-Reinforced Con||TV Borehole Inspection And Vacuum Testing Of Roof Strata||Use Of Automated Resistivity System To Locate Potential Subs||Control Of Mine Subsidence Utilizing Coal Ash As A Backfill||Surface Flooding-Considerations For Mining Facilities Site S||The Formation And Effects Of Transient Abutment Stress Durin||Some Technical Considerations When Mining Under Bodies Of Wa|