If you have access to OneMine as part of a member benefit, log in through your member association website for a seamless user experience.
|[THIS PAPER WAS TRANSLATED FROM CHINESE TO ENGLISH BY S. S. PENG, WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY] Immediately after coal extraction, the pressure that causes the movement of the surrounding strata is called mine pressure. Through the strata movement, certain features such as supports taking load arise. This is called "manifestation of mine pressure". The existence of mine pressure is ab¬solute whereas its manifestation is relative and conditional. The visible movement of the surrounding strata occurs only when the applied pressure exceeds the plastic breaking strength. Me support begins to take load only when it offers resistance to the strata movement. The key to investigating mine pressure and its control hinges on understanding the rules and conditions for the manifestation of mine pressure. Since the face moves continuously, the mine pressure and its manifestations are also constantly changing. 'Therefore, it should not only emphasize to obtain its instantaneous magnitude, but more importantly the rules of development changes and their relations to the movement of overlying strata. Once this is resolved, one can estimate the movement of the overlying strata through mani¬festation of mine pressure and predict the time and magnitude of incoming roof weighting. Consequently the location and timing of rib excavation can be correctly selected and thus solve several major problems in the design of mining operation.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings Second Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|A New Approach To The Design Of Multi-Entry Developments For||Manifestation Of Mine Pressure And Its Relations To Overlyin||Geotechnical Investigation For A Single Entry Design For Lon||Roof Falls And Caving In Longwall Mining Operations||Support Resistance And Roof Behaviour Of A Longwall Face Wit||State Of The Art Testing Of Powered Roof Supports||Some Structural Aspects Of Designing The Shield Supports||Design Considerations For Angle Bolters||Machine Design Parameters For High Seam Truss Bolting Applic||Design Trade-Off For Angle Roof Drilling||Hydraulic Tensioning Of A Birmingham Roof Truss||Current Trends In Roof Truss Hardware||The Search For A Method To Provide Warning Of Coal And Gas O||Methods Used To Monitor Roof Geology And Entry Supports||A Method For Estimating Western Coal Strengths From Point Lo||Coping With High Lateral Stresses In An Underground Illinois||Alternatives For Controlling Cutter Roof In Coal Mines||Remote Sensing Techniques In Mine Planning - Applications An||The Use Of A Graphic Mini-Computer System As A Rock Mechanic||Greater Safety With Increased Productivity Coal Mining Opera||Critical Roof Span Approach To Selection Of Proper Coal Mine||Roof Bolt Bond Tester; A Device For Nondestructive Testing O||Remote Control Roof Bolting||Development Cooperation Between Operator And Manufacturer -||Research, Development, And Use Of Steel-Fiber-Reinforced Con||TV Borehole Inspection And Vacuum Testing Of Roof Strata||Use Of Automated Resistivity System To Locate Potential Subs||Control Of Mine Subsidence Utilizing Coal Ash As A Backfill||Surface Flooding-Considerations For Mining Facilities Site S||The Formation And Effects Of Transient Abutment Stress Durin||Some Technical Considerations When Mining Under Bodies Of Wa|