Inorganic Cement Grouted Bolt System

Serbousek, M. O.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 4
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1981
In 1975 the Bureau of Mines Spokane Research Center began a series of laboratory and field tests to investigate the feasibility of developing a substitute for the organic chemicals used in resin roof-bolting systems. An inorganic system, comprised of calcinated gypsum, an accelerator, and microcapsules of water was developed and patented by the Bureau in 1977. The system has several advantages including economics, non- toxicity, nonallergenic, inflammability, and is not based on petroleum products. Two roof-bolting systems utilizing inorganic cements are under development at the Spokane Research Center--a cartridge system, using the microcapsules of water and accelerator, and a slurry system, using a mix-inject method which combines dry powder cement with water for simultaneous injection into a predrilled roof-bolt hole. Several underground field tests have been conducted in eastern coal mines. Test results indicate that inorganic cartridge systems are adequately supporting mine roof in several test sections. Economic potential for the bolt systems appears favorable.
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