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|A feature of interest in stability of excavations in domal salt is the phenomenon of gas outbursts which has occurred in five of the six mines in Louisiana salt domes. Gas outbursts are sudden erruptions of salt and gas from the face or roof of a mine opening. They are associated with anomalous zones in salt, depth of mining, and the method of excavation. Potential risks from gas outbursts include an unplanned connection to a reservoir of water or hydrocarbons and, possibly, a loss of the mine. It is proposed that a gas outburst is initiated by disking in biaxial compression and propagates by spalling of the cavity walls and further disking. The outburst is terminated by a combination of dilatancy hardening, increase in stress along the cavity axis, and enlargement of the cavity to the boundaries of the pressure pocket. Identification of burst- prone areas will require research into in situ measurement of material characteristics and further under- standing of the mechanism of gas outbursts. Shock blasting in advance of mining appears to be a promising technique for controlling gas outbursts.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings Of The 1st Annual Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|Stress And Stability In Coal Ribsides And Pillars||Improved Design Of Coal Pillars For U.S. Mining Conditions||Review Of Pillar Design Equations Including The Effects Of C||Abutment Pillar "Notching" Improves Abutment Tunnel Roof Con||The Influence Of Certain Geologic And Geotechnical Factors O||Considerations Of Gas Outbursts In Using Dome Salt Mines For||An Overview Of Bureau Of Mines Ground Control Research||Stability Behaviour Of Coal Mining Tunnels With Different Su||Strata Disturbance Prediction For Mining Beneath Surface Wat||Monitoring For The Evaluation Of The Stability Of Undergroun||Controlled Thrust And Torque Placement Of Mechanical Anchor||Roklok Polyurethane Binder: A Chemical Injection System For||Resupporting High Roof Falls||A New Combination Friction-Suspension Support System Scott||Inorganic Cement Grouted Bolt System||Development Of A Resin Point Anchor||An Engineering Analysis Of "Squeeze" Failure Of Pillars In T||Ground Control In Multiple Seam Mining||Applications Of Reflection Seismics To Mapping Coal Seam Str||The Use Of Geologic Modeling In The Prediction Of Adverse Ro||Design Of Shield Supports For The U.S. Coal Mining Industry||Longwall Mining Of Thin Seams||Support Selection For The Multi-Lift Mining Method||Design And Operation Of Powered And Entry Supports||Evaluation Of Existing Predictive Methods For Mine Subsidenc||A Study Of Longwall Subsidence In The Appalachian Coal Regio||Subsidence Studies In Thick And Steep Coal Seam Mining|