Considerations Of Gas Outbursts In Using Dome Salt Mines For Storage Of Oil And Nuclear Waste

Mahtab, M. Ashraf
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1981
A feature of interest in stability of excavations in domal salt is the phenomenon of gas outbursts which has occurred in five of the six mines in Louisiana salt domes. Gas outbursts are sudden erruptions of salt and gas from the face or roof of a mine opening. They are associated with anomalous zones in salt, depth of mining, and the method of excavation. Potential risks from gas outbursts include an unplanned connection to a reservoir of water or hydrocarbons and, possibly, a loss of the mine. It is proposed that a gas outburst is initiated by disking in biaxial compression and propagates by spalling of the cavity walls and further disking. The outburst is terminated by a combination of dilatancy hardening, increase in stress along the cavity axis, and enlargement of the cavity to the boundaries of the pressure pocket. Identification of burst- prone areas will require research into in situ measurement of material characteristics and further under- standing of the mechanism of gas outbursts. Shock blasting in advance of mining appears to be a promising technique for controlling gas outbursts.
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