Simulation Of Fouling In Membrane Processes With Cellular Automata

Engelbrecht, A. M.
Organization: The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Pages: 5
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2007
Paper written on project work carried out in partial fulfilment of B Eng. (Chemical) Membrane processes are vital to a diverse range of technical and biological systems, which also feature in mineral processing applications such as the treatment of mine effluent and extraction of metals. In this study, the use of cellular automata to model a semi-permeable membrane that separates two compartments is considered. Cellular automata are simple models that enable the analyst to represent well-understood local effects, such as the chemical or steric interaction between molecules themselves and between molecules or particles and their environment, which can lead to very complex behaviour on a macroscopic scale. Various physical phenomena, including reverse osmosis, were simulated. Initial results for the effect of temperature, membrane structure and chemical properties of the solutes on the performance of the membrane appear promising. Keywords: cellular automata, dynamic modelling, filtration, membrane fouling, osmosis.
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