The Influence Of Sr2+ On The Formation Of Calcareous Deposits On Freely Corroding Low Carbon Steel In Seawater

Möller, H.
Organization: The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2007
The corrosion behaviour of a low carbon steel was investigated in synthetic seawaters with and without Sr2+. It was found that strontium substitutes for calcium in aragonite, rather than precipitating as discrete strontianite (SrCO3). The aragonite deposits that formed in the presence of Sr2+ were finer than those that formed in the absence of Sr2+. It is believed that an increase in the strontium content of aragonite induces a decrease in its solubility, which in turn results in a higher nucleation rate of the precipitates. Furthermore, the growth rate of aragonite is decreased by the presence of Sr2+in the solution. It is concluded that Sr2+is an essential ingredient in any artificial seawater when calcareous deposits are investigated on steel. Keywords: corrosion, seawater, calcareous deposits, strontium, aragonite.
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