Performance Of Bituminous Coats In Reducing Negative Skin Friction

Khare, Makarand G.
Organization: Deep Foundations Institute
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2006
Though the phenomenon of dragload is known for many decades, there is a lack of clear guidelines to evaluate the amount of dragload. The development of dragload depends on relative movement between pile and surrounding soil which is a complex phenomenon and requires a detailed numerical analysis. Bitumen layer has been used in the past with varying degree of success in reducing the dragload but the reduction appears to depend on number of parameters. No procedure is available in literature to estimate the dragload when a slip layer is applied on pile surface. This paper investigates performance of two commercially available bituminous coats to reduce the negative skin friction on pile. Direct shear test apparatus was used to model the interface friction between soil and coated pile surface. The lower half of direct shear box was replaced with either a concrete block or a mild steel block representing pile surface. Two types of bituminous coats namely Shalikote and bitumen having penetration value of 30-40 were evaluated in this study. Shearing resistance of pile material-coat-soil is found to be influenced by normal stress, coat thickness, and rate of shear. Laboratory results are compared with published field data where coated and uncoated piles have been load tested.
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