Construction Of Cast-In-Place Piles With Enlarged Bases
Organization: Deep Foundations Institute
Jan 1, 1989
Construction of cast-in-place piles with enlarged bases has become popular in the cities in Japan facing to the sea coast, where the subground soil is soft alluvium deposited to depths often exceeding 30 m. The groundwater table is a few meters below the ground surface. Skin friction of piles may become negative due to ground subsidence or reduced due to liquefaction of loose sand during an earthquake. To support highrise buildings, depths of bearing strata to which piles are embedded often exceed 50 m. Due to such geotechnical conditions, methods and equipment to build cast-in-place concrete piles mainly built by the reverse circulation method have been developed since the 1970s. In the first half of this paper, the authors review the cur-rent practise of building cast-in-place piles with enlarged bases. Then they introduce the TFP system developed in recent years, and discuss about the procedures to control and monitor enlarging of bases.